Document Detail

Effects of aniracetam on extracellular levels of transmitter amino acids in the hippocampus of the conscious gerbils: an intracranial microdialysis study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12633884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of aniracetam on extracellular amino acid levels in the hippocampus of conscious gerbils, with or without transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, were measured by microdialysis and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography. Increased extracellular levels of aspartate and glutamate that were observed in the hippocampus of conscious gerbils during transient global forebrain ischemia were reversed by aniracetam. In contrast, the level of extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid was increased, while taurine was maintained at a higher level than other amino acids by administration of aniracetam (100 mg/kg, p.o.) 60 min before ischemia. Further, in contrast to ischemic animals, administration of aniracetam (100 mg/kg, p.o.) enhanced the release of glutamate and aspartate in the normal gerbil hippocampus. The results suggest that these effects might be due to a partial calcium agonist activity of aniracetam, and that the effects of aniracetam on amino acid levels might be a mechanism of protection against delayed neuronal death in the ischemic hippocampus, thereby improving memory dysfunction induced by ischemia/reperfusion.
Siming Yu; Jingxia Cai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience letters     Volume:  339     ISSN:  0304-3940     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosci. Lett.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-13     Completed Date:  2003-05-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600130     Medline TA:  Neurosci Lett     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Section of Brain and Behavior, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650223, PR China.
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MeSH Terms
Consciousness / drug effects,  physiology
Extracellular Space / drug effects*,  metabolism
Hippocampus / drug effects*,  metabolism
Microdialysis / methods*
Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism*
Pyrrolidinones / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Neurotransmitter Agents; 0/Pyrrolidinones; 72432-10-1/aniracetam

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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