Document Detail

Effects of amphetamine, dexfenfluramine, diazepam, and dietary manipulations on responding reinforced by stimuli paired with food in nonhuman primates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15006457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to determine how stimuli paired with food alters the effects of pharmacological and dietary manipulations on food intake. Responding of baboons was studied using a schedule of reinforcement that simulated food 'seeking' and food 'taking'. Under one condition, responding during the initial seeking component was reinforced by flashing lights that were paired with food delivery during the latter-taking component. Under another condition, responding during seeking components was reinforced by a 1-s time out that was paired with food delivery during the latter-taking component. Dexfenfluramine (DFEN) decreased responding within seeking and taking components under both conditions. Diazepam (DZP) increased responding within seeking and taking components under both conditions. Amphetamine (AMPH) increased responding within seeking components under the flashing-light condition, but did not alter responding within seeking components under the 1-s time-out condition. AMPH decreased responding within taking components under both conditions. As observed with AMPH, caloric prefeeding also increased responding within seeking components only under the flashing-light condition. As observed with DZP, acute deprivation also increased responding within seeking and taking components under both conditions. The effects of AMPH and caloric prefeeding on food seeking are dependent upon the type of stimuli, paired with primary reinforcement.
Richard W Foltin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0091-3057     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-09     Completed Date:  2004-10-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367050     Medline TA:  Pharmacol Biochem Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division on Substance Abuse, Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 120, New York, NY 10032, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amphetamine / pharmacology*
Conditioning (Psychology) / drug effects,  physiology
Dexfenfluramine / pharmacology*
Diazepam / pharmacology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*,  physiology
Food Deprivation / physiology
Photic Stimulation / methods
Reinforcement Schedule*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
300-62-9/Amphetamine; 3239-44-9/Dexfenfluramine; 439-14-5/Diazepam

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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