Document Detail


Effects of alcoholic beverage, instigation, and inhibition on expectancies of aggressive behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11345477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate the role of alcohol expectancy, situational factors, and personality variables in predicting postdrinking aggression, two questionnaire studies were conducted. Subjects were randomly assigned to imagine themselves and their responses in a scenario situation, which was a combination of different beverages (soda vs. alcohol), instigation, and inhibition conditions. Both studies found significant 3-way interactions of personality aggression proneness (Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory Assault scale) by beverage condition and by situational cue condition on subjects' reported likelihood of engaging in aggressive behavior. Expected aggression was strongly associated with greater aggression proneness in the nonalcoholic condition when there was a situational cue (low inhibition in Study 1, high instigation in Study 2) invoking aggression, but not when the situational cue was absent. This relationship between aggression proneness and expected aggression, however, was attenuated in the alcoholic drink conditions in both studies. In general, it was found that the effect of alcohol on expected aggression was minor relative to the large and significant effects of aggression proneness, instigation, and inhibition.
Authors:
J Cheong; J A Patock-Peckham; C T Nagoshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Violence and victims     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0886-6708     ISO Abbreviation:  Violence Vict     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-09     Completed Date:  2001-09-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916436     Medline TA:  Violence Vict     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Arizona State University, Tempe 85287, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression / psychology*
Alcoholic Beverages / adverse effects*
Alcoholic Intoxication / parasitology*
Hostility
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Motivation*
Personality Inventory
Set (Psychology)*
Social Behavior
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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