Document Detail

Effects of age on responses to isometric exercise. Isometric handgrip in noninvasive screening for cardiovascular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1190035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Isometric handgrip (IHG) imposes an acutely increased afterload on the left ventricle. Utilizing systolic time intervals, we studied various responses to IHG, measured as changes from resting values with near-maximum IHG, in old normal (ON) subjects, young normal (YN) subjects, and old patients with hypertensive heart disease (HHD) and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). There were no differences in responses to IHG between ON and patients with HHD or patients with CAD. However, there were clear differences between the responses of ON and YN subjects. Increase in heart rate (HR) was much more prominent in YN (ON vs. YN = +11.6 +/- 2.6 vs. +15.6 +/- 5.7 beats per minute p less than 0.001). Pre-ejection period (PEP) end isovolumic contraction time (IVCT) increased in ON but decreased in YN (PEP + 6.2 +/- 1.7 vs. -11.0 +/- 3.7 msec., p less than 0.001; IVCT +8.1 +/- 2.2 vs. -13.8 +/- 3.4 msec., p less than 0.001. Shortening of LVET was much more marked in YN (-6.5 +/- 4.1 VS. -63.3 +/- 9.9 msec. p less than 0.001), but this was entirely due to the HR differences since there was no difference in ejection time index (+ 5.1 +/- 3.4 vs. -0.4 +/- 7.3 msec. p greater than 0.5). IHG produced no significant differences between ON and YN in the timing of the "mitral" component of the first heart sound (q-Im), in the ratio PEP/LVET, or in pulse transmission time (PTT). By contrast, resting control PTT was markedly short in ON, especially those with CAD. Resting PTT in ON was 27.1 +/- 2.6 msec.; in YN 43.7 +/- 1.4 msec.; in CAD patients 20.7 +/- 1.3 msec. We conclude that even near-maximal IHG does not seem to be an adequate noninvasive screening test for cardiovascular disease in that age alone seems to have the most significant influence on the responses.
M Kino; V Q Lance; A Shahamatpour; D H Spodick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1975 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-01-14     Completed Date:  1976-01-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  575-81     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Cardiac Output
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
Exercise Test*
Heart Diseases / diagnosis*
Heart Rate
Hypertension / diagnosis*
Middle Aged

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