Document Detail


Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16388435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints. Twelve boys (11.7 +/- 0.5 y) and thirteen men (22.1 +/- 2.9 y) performed ten consecutive 10-s sprints on a non-motorised treadmill separated by 15-s (R15) and 180-s (R180) passive recovery intervals. Mean power output (MPO), mean force output (MFO), running velocity, step length, and step rate were calculated for each sprint. Capillary blood samples were drawn from the fingertip at rest and 3 min after the tenth sprint to measure the lactate accumulation (Delta [La]). With R15, all mechanical parameters decreased significantly less in the boys than in the men over the ten sprints (MPO: - 28.9 vs. - 47.0 %, MFO: - 13.1 vs. - 25.6 %, running velocity: - 18.8 vs. - 29.4 %, p < 0.001, respectively). With R180, all mechanical values remained unchanged in the boys. In the men, MPO and MFO significantly decreased over the ten sprints (- 7.8 % and - 4.6 %, p < 0.05, respectively). The running velocity, however, did not decrease because the decrease in step rate (p < 0.001) was compensated by an increase in step length. For either recovery interval, Delta [La] values were higher in the men compared to the boys (R15: 12.7 vs. 7.7 mmol . L (-1), p < 0.001, R180: 10.7 vs. 7.7 mmol . L (-1), p < 0.05). To conclude, the boys maintained more easily their running performance than the men during repeated treadmill sprints with R15. Three-minute recovery periods were sufficient in the boys to repeat short running sprints without substantial fatigue. Despite the decrease in power and force outputs with R180, the young men were able to maintain their running velocity during the test.
Authors:
S Ratel; C A Williams; J Oliver; N Armstrong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-02     Completed Date:  2006-08-31     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom. sratel@wanadoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aging / blood,  metabolism,  physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Child
Fatigue
Humans
Lactic Acid / blood
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Running / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

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