Document Detail


Effects of age and aerobic fitness on heart rate recovery in adult men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22836359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Physiological aging leads to cardiac autonomic dysfunction, which is associated with the onset and worsening of cardiovascular disease and an increased risk of death. Currently, physical exercise is considered a cardioprotective strategy and more research is needed on its benefit on cardiac autonomic function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the autonomic control of heart rate in healthy young and middle-aged volunteers with different levels of aerobic fitness. METHODS: The study included 68 volunteers, stratified for age and level of aerobic fitness. Based on aerobic fitness assessed by the submaximal exercise test, subjects were separated into two groups, good fitness and poor fitness. Assessment of cardiac autonomic control was performed based on measurements of heart rate variability at rest and heart rate recovery post-exercise. Analysis of variance with two factors was used to compare the variables investigated. RESULTS: The heart rate variability is significantly lower in middle-aged volunteers than in young individuals, regardless of the aerobic fitness level (p <0.01). Higher levels of aerobic fitness in middle-aged volunteers are associated with earlier post-effort vagal reentry - rate of HR decline after 1min30s: 39.6% good aerobic fitness vs. poor 28.4% (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Better levels of aerobic fitness act beneficially on the autonomic control of post-exercise heart rate, preserving the vagal reentry velocity in healthy middle-aged volunteers. However, it does not attenuate the decrease in heart rate variability due to the natural aging process.
Authors:
Gabriela Alves Trevizani; Paulo Roberto Benchimol-Barbosa; Jurandir Nadal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1678-4170     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421031     Medline TA:  Arq Bras Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE, UFRJ.
Vernacular Title:
Efeitos da idade e da aptidão aeróbica na recuperação da frequência cardíaca em homens adultos.
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