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Effects of aerobic physical exercise in the elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11090907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of an aerobic physical exercise program in the treatment of a group of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in relation to metabolic control, physical capacity, quality of life (QOL) and attitudes toward diabetes. Patients were randomly assigned to either an experimental (n=19) or a control (n=20) group. The following measurements were conducted at baseline and after week 16: glycosylated hemoglobin (hbA1c), fructosamine, 3 h oral glucose tolerance test, treadmill test (Balke-Naughton), and a questionnaire on QOL and attitudes toward DM. After the intervention, the experimental group showed a significant decrease of glucose excursion during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (area under the curve) (16.6+/-3.8 vs. 15.3+/-3.1, P<0.05) and an increase in total time on the treadmill (s) (423+/-207 vs. 471+/-230, P<0.05). An improvement in the attitudes toward DM was observed in the experimental group (P=0.01) but not in the control group. Female gender, higher body mass index and hbA1c were factors associated with a response to the intervention. This study suggests that physical exercise has significant effects on glucose excursion during an OGTT and exercise tolerance in elderly patients with type 2 DM.
Authors:
Tessier; Ménard; Fülöp; Ardilouze; Roy; Dubuc; Dubois; Gauthier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gerontology and geriatrics     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1872-6976     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214379     Medline TA:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  121-132     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Research Group in Diabetology, Centre de recherche clinique, Centre universitaire de Santé de l'Estrie, Quebec, Sherbooke, Canada
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