Document Detail

Effects of acute lung injury on dynamic tissue properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7896608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The dynamic properties of lung tissue after acute injury (ALI) were characterized by studying parenchymal strips prepared from guinea pigs endobronchially treated with hydrochloric acid. Forty-eight-hour samples (10 x 4 x 4 mm) from control (C), acid-damaged (D), and uninvolved (U) lungs of treated animals had elastance and resistance measured in a perfused organ bath system during uniaxial length oscillation at a mean force of 750 mg over a 1.5 (0.1-3 Hz)-fold decade frequency range and 5-fold (1-5%) strain amplitude range. Results were interpreted using a quasi-linear viscoelastic model with tissue stress expressed as an exponential function of strain. Among C strips, elastance increased linearly with the logarithm of frequency, whereas resistance decreased hyperbolically with frequency; both were strain amplitude independent. In contrast, elastance among D strips was uniformly greater (P < 0.0001) and was inversely strain amplitude dependent (P < 0.01); resistance was markedly elevated (P < 0.0001) but decreased hyperbolically with frequency similar to C strips. Resistance and elastance changes among U strips were intermediate between those for D and C strips. Histological grading of cellular infiltration, alveolar septal thickening, and hemorrhage correlated with functional changes. The frequency and amplitude dependencies and magnitude changes for resistance and elastance were similar to those previously observed in intact dog lungs after ALI. These findings suggest that ALI can affect the rheological properties of lung parenchyma independently of surfactant and that changes in lung mechanics after ALI may, in part, be determined at the parenchymal level.
E P Ingenito; L Mark; B Davison
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  77     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-21     Completed Date:  1995-04-21     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2689-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Guinea Pigs
Hydrochloric Acid
Lung / pathology,  physiopathology*
Lung Compliance
Lung Diseases / chemically induced,  pathology,  physiopathology*
Models, Biological
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
7647-01-0/Hydrochloric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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