Document Detail


Effects of acute hyperinflation on chest wall mechanics in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3693186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied chest wall mechanics at functional residual capacity (FRC) and near total lung capacity (TLC) in 14 supine anesthetized and vagotomized dogs. During breathing near TLC compared with FRC, tidal volume decreased (674 +/- 542 vs. 68 +/- 83 ml; P less than 0.025). Both inspiratory changes in gastric pressure (4.5 +/- 2.5 vs. -0.2 +/- 2.0 cmH2O; P less than 0.005) and changes in abdominal cross-sectional area (25 +/- 17 vs. -1.0 +/- 4.2%; P less than 0.001) markedly decreased; they were both often negative during inspiration near TLC. Parasternal intercostal shortening decreased (-3.0 +/- 3.7 vs. -2.0 +/- 2.7%), whereas diaphragmatic shortening decreased slightly more in both costal and crural parts (costal -8.4 +/- 2.9 vs. -4.3 +/- 4.1%, crural -22.8 +/- 13.2 vs. -10.0 +/- 7.5%; P less than 0.05). As a result, the ratio of parasternal to diaphragm shortening increased near TLC (0.176 +/- 0.135 vs. 0.396 +/- 0.340; P less than 0.05). Electromyographic (EMG) activity in the parasternals slightly decreased near TLC, whereas the EMG activity in the costal and crural parts of the diaphragm slightly increased. We conclude that 1) the mechanical outcome of diaphragmatic contraction near TLC is markedly reduced, and 2) the mechanical outcome of parasternal intercostal contraction near TLC is clearly less affected.
Authors:
M Decramer; T X Jiang; M Demedts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  63     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-02-12     Completed Date:  1988-02-12     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1493-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Respiratory Division, Academic Hospital, Leuven, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen / physiology
Animals
Biomechanics
Dogs
Electromyography
Pressure
Respiration*
Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
Thorax / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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