Document Detail

Effects of acute exercise on state anxiety in breast cancer survivors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11759309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of an acute bout of exercise on state anxiety in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: A two-group (high and low state anxiety) by two-time (pre- and postexercise) mixed factorial design. SETTING: Exercise physiology lab at the University of Alberta. SAMPLE: 34 stage I or II breast cancer survivors ranging in age from 39-65 (X = 50.50; SD = 6.62). METHODS: Participants completed the State Anxiety Inventory prior to and five minutes following an acute bout of exercise. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: State anxiety. FINDINGS: A main effect resulted for group (p < 0.01) and time showing that state anxiety significantly decreased from pre- to postexercise (p < 0.03). Group by time interaction showed that state anxiety for the low state anxiety group did not change from pre- to postexercise (p > 0.05); however, state anxiety significantly decreased in the high state anxiety group (p < 0.03). CONCLUSION: Acute exercise may be an effective intervention in reducing state anxiety in breast cancer survivors, especially those with high state anxiety. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Oncology nurses should be aware that in addition to other traditional anxiolytic therapies (e.g., relaxation therapy) commonly prescribed, acute exercise is an effective method for reducing state anxiety in breast cancer survivors.
C M Blanchard; K S Courneya; D Laing
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology nursing forum     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0190-535X     ISO Abbreviation:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-10     Completed Date:  2002-04-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809033     Medline TA:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1617-21     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
American Cancer Society Behavioral Research Center, Atlanta, GA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety / diagnosis,  etiology,  prevention & control*,  psychology*
Breast Neoplasms / complications,  pathology,  psychology*
Clinical Nursing Research
Exercise Therapy / methods,  standards*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Oncologic Nursing
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Survivors / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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