Document Detail


Effects of acute exercise on mood and well-being in patients with major depressive disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16331126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine if a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise would improve mood and well-being in 40 (15 male, 25 female) individuals who were receiving treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: All participants were randomly assigned to exercise at 60-70% of age-predicted maximal heart rate for 30 min or to a 30-min period of quiet rest. Participants completed both the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and Subjective Exercise Experiences Scale (SEES) as indicators of mood 5 min before, and 5, 30, and 60 min following their experimental condition. RESULTS: Both groups reported similar reductions in measures of psychological distress, depression, confusion, fatigue, tension, and anger. Only the exercise group, however, reported a significant increase in positive well-being and vigor scores. CONCLUSION: Although 30 min of either moderate-intensity treadmill exercise or quiet rest is sufficient to improve the mood and well-being of patients with MDD, exercise appears to have a greater effect on the positively valenced states measured.
Authors:
John B Bartholomew; David Morrison; Joseph T Ciccolo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-06     Completed Date:  2006-02-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2032-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Austin, TX 78712, USA. john.bart@mail.utexas.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect / physiology*
Depressive Disorder, Major / physiopathology*
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Holistic Health
Humans
Male
Mental Health*
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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