Document Detail

Effects of acute cold exposure on carotid and femoral wave intensity indexes: evidence for reflection coefficient as a measure of distal vascular resistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21088212     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Our aim was to investigate the effects of acute cold pressor test (CPT) on augmentation index (AI) and wave intensity (WI) indexes from right common carotid artery (RCCA) and right common femoral artery (RCFA) and to test whether the reflection coefficient (RC) from wave intensity analysis can reflect the distal vascular resistance (DVR) accurately. Forty-three healthy males were randomly selected for measurements at baseline and 1 min after CPT at RCCA or RCFA. CPT induced similar increases of heart rate and blood pressure in RCCA and RCFA groups with their pulse pressures unchanged. The W(2) (the second peak of WI) was too obscure in RCFA to be analyzed. The W(1) (the first peak of WI) of both arteries, W(1)-W(2) (interval between W(1) and W(2)), and NA (negative area between W(1) and W(2), indicating reflected waves) of RCCA and the R-W(1) (interval between the R wave of ECG and W(1)) of RCFA decreased obviously, whereas the W(2) and R-W(1) of RCCA and the RC (calculated as NA/W(1)) of RCFA increased with no changes in the RC of RCCA and the NA of RCFA during CPT compared with baseline. The AIs from both arteries increased significantly after CPT. These results suggested that acute CPT has opposing effects on cerebral and peripheral vascular resistances, with the former decreased and the latter increased. The RCs from RCCA and RCFA are more associated with the changes of cerebral and peripheral vascular resistances, respectively, than the NA and AI, and the RC is of guiding value in assessing DVR.
Jie Liu; Li-Jun Yuan; Zuo-Ming Zhang; Yun-You Duan; Jun-Hui Xue; Yi-Lin Yang; Qun Guo; Tie-Sheng Cao
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-09     Completed Date:  2011-07-07     Revised Date:  2014-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  738-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Blood Pressure / physiology
Carotid Arteries / physiology*
Cold Temperature / diagnostic use*
Computer Simulation
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Femoral Artery / physiology*
Models, Cardiovascular
Pulsatile Flow / physiology*
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Vascular Resistance / physiology*
Erratum In:
J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Jan 15;116(2):229

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  High dietary salt intake increases carotid blood pressure and wave reflection in normotensive health...
Next Document:  Links between progressive HIV-1 infection of humanized mice and viral neuropathogenesis.