Document Detail


Effects of acute and chronic maternal exercise on fetal heart rate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7868435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Maternal-fetal effects of cycle ergometer conditioning (heart rate of 145 beats/min at 25 min/day for 3 days/wk) were studied during the second and third pregnancy trimesters. Subjects were 22 previously sedentary women and 16 nonexercising pregnant control women. Fetal heart rate (FHR) characteristics were studied before, during, and after 15 min of upright cycling at a maternal heart rate target of 145 beats/min at the end of both the second and third trimesters. Despite higher cycling power outputs in the exercised group, mean FHR responses were similar in both groups and conformed to 1) gradual increase in FHR baseline during exercise, 2) normal variability, and 3) normal reactivity. Fetal bradycardia was observed during (n = 1) and after (n = 2) exercise in three isolated tests. The timing of these events suggested that the likelihood of significant fetal hypoxia is highest in the immediate postexercise period. These results also support the hypothesis that physically conditioned women can perform at higher exercise power outputs than sedentary women without inducing fetal hypoxic stress. Further study is recommended to examine possible fetal and placental adaptations to maternal aerobic conditioning.
Authors:
K A Webb; L A Wolfe; M J McGrath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  77     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-30     Completed Date:  1995-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2207-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Physical and Health Education, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Female
Heart Rate, Fetal / physiology*
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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