Document Detail


Effects of abdominal binding on cardiorespiratory function in cervical spinal cord injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22186114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We asked whether abdominal binding improves cardiorespiratory function in individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). 13 participants with chronic SCI (C(5)-C(7)) and 8 able-bodied controls were exposed to varying degrees of elastic abdominal compression (unbound [UB], loose-bound [LB], and tight-bound [TB]) whilst seated. In SCI, TB increased vital capacity (14%), expiratory flow throughout vital capacity (15%), inspiratory capacity (21%), and maximal expiratory mouth pressure (25%). In contrast, TB reduced residual volume (-34%) and functional residual capacity (-23%). TB increased tidal and twitch transdiaphragmatic pressures (∼45%), primarily by increasing the gastric pressure contributions. TB increased cardiac output (28%), systolic mitral annular velocity (22%), and late-diastolic mitral annular velocity (50%). Selected measures of cardiorespiratory function improved with LB, but the changes were less compared to TB. In able-bodied, changes were inconsistent and always less than in SCI. In conclusion, abdominal-binding improved cardiorespiratory function in low-cervical SCI by optimising operating lung volumes, increasing expiratory flow, enhancing diaphragmatic pressure production, and improving left-ventricular function.
Authors:
Christopher R West; Ian G Campbell; Robert E Shave; Lee M Romer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-1519     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140022     Medline TA:  Respir Physiol Neurobiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance, Brunel University, UB8 3PH, UK.
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