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Effects of Unilateral and Bilateral Lower-Body Heavy Resistance Exercise on Muscle Activity and Testosterone Responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22222320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Unilateral and bilateral lower-body heavy resistance exercises (HRE) are used for strength training. Little research has examined whether muscle activation and testosterone (TES) responses differ between these exercises. Our purpose was to compare the effects of unilateral and bilateral lower-body HRE on muscle activity using surface electromyography (sEMG) and TES concentrations. Ten resistance-trained, college-aged male athletes (football, track and field) completed 5 testing sessions in which bilateral (back squat: BS) and unilateral (pitcher squat: PS) exercises were performed using a counterbalanced design. Sessions 1 and 2 determined estimated maximum strength (10 repetition maximum: 10-RM) in the BS and PS. During testing session 3, muscle activation (sEMG) was measured in the right vastus lateralis (VL), biceps femoris (BF), gluteus maximus (GM), and erector spinae (ES) during both BS and PS (stance leg) exercises. In sessions 4 and 5, total TES concentrations (nmol/l) were measured via blood draws at baseline (pre-exercise), 0, 5, 10, 15, and 30 minutes post-exercise following 4 sets of 10 repetitions at the 10-RM. Separate repeated-measures ANOVAs examined differences in sEMG and TES between BS and PS (p<0.05). sEMG amplitudes were similar (p=0.80) for BS (0.22 + 0.06 mV) and PS (0.20 + 0.07 mV). TES responses were also similar (p=0.15) between BS (21.8 + 6.9 nmol/l) and PS (26.2 + 10.1 nmol/l). The similar lower limb and back sEMG and TES responses may indicate that the neuromuscular and hormonal demands were comparable for both the BS and PS exercises despite the absolute work being less in the PS. The PS exercise may be an effective method for including unilateral exercise into lower-body resistance training when designing training programs for ground-based activities.
Authors:
Margaret T Jones; Jatin P Ambegaonkar; Bradley C Nindl; Jeffrey A Smith; Samuel A Headley
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Sport Medicine Assessment, Research, and Testing (SMART) Laboratory, Division of Health and Human Performance, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA; 2 Military Performance Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA; 3 Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies Springfield College, Springfield, MA.
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