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Effects of Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia on Cardiac Function and Myocardial Cell Apoptosis in Isoproterenol-Induced Chronic Heart Failure Rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25267251     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) on cardiac function and myocardial cell apoptosis in isoproterenol (ISO) induced chronic heart failure (CHF) rats.
METHOD: Rats were classified into 4 groups: the healthy control, ISO-induced CHF, ISO + TEA, and sham-treated groups. After 4 weeks, the animals in each group were examined by echocardiography. Invasive hemodynamic measurements were also preformed.
RESULTS: Echocardiographic findings suggested that rats in the ISO + TEA group exhibited decreased left ventricular end-systolic (LVES) and left ventricular end-diastolic (LVED), and increased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular shortening fraction (LVFS) compared with rats in the ISO-induced CHF group. Rats in the ISO + TEA group showed improved left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) compared with rats in the ISO-induced CHF group. Additionally, rats in the ISO + TEA group had significant decrease in LV and RV mass indexes (LVMI and RVMI) compared with rats in the ISO-induced CHF rats. Myocardial ultrastructure in the ISO + TEA group significantly improved compared with the ISO-induced CHF group. TEA significantly reduced the percent of TUNEL-positive cells in the ISO + TEA group compared with the ISO-induced CHF group. Compared with the ISO-induced CHF group, Bcl-2 expression of rats in the ISO + TEA group was significantly increased, while Bax expression was significantly attenuated.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that TEA may reduce myocardial apoptosis and decrease extent of structural damage and abnormalities in the myocardium.
Authors:
Tong Ge; Hao Qin; Xu Wang; Shu-Sen Yang; Li Guo; Wei Han; Hui-Ying Chang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  J Interv Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-1    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907826     Medline TA:  J Interv Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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