Document Detail


Effects of Serum n-3 to n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Ratios on Coronary Atherosclerosis in Statin-Treated Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23040588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A low ratio of n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids has been associated with cardiovascular events. However, the effects of this ratio on coronary atherosclerosis have not been fully examined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the correlations between the n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio and coronary atherosclerosis. Coronary atherosclerosis in nonculprit lesions in the percutaneous coronary intervention vessel was evaluated using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound in 101 patients at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention and 8 months after statin therapy. Forty-six patients (46%) showed atheroma progression and the remaining 55 patients (54%) showed atheroma regression at 8-month follow-up. Significant negative correlations were observed between percentage change in plaque volume and change in the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio (r = -0.190, p = 0.05), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)/AA ratio (r = -0.231, p = 0.02), and EPA+DHA/AA ratio (r = -0.240, p = 0.02). Furthermore, percentage change in the fibrous component volume was negatively and significantly correlated with change in the EPA/AA ratio (r = -0.206, p = 0.04) and EPA+DHA/AA ratio (r = -0.217, p = 0.03). Multivariate regression analysis showed that change in the EPA+DHA/AA ratio was a significant predictor of percentage change in plaque volume and fibrous component volume (β = -0.221, p = 0.02, and β = -0.200, p = 0.04, respectively). In conclusion, decreases in serum n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratios are associated with progression in coronary atherosclerosis evaluated using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound in statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease.
Authors:
Tsuyoshi Nozue; Shingo Yamamoto; Shinichi Tohyama; Kazuki Fukui; Shigeo Umezawa; Yuko Onishi; Tomoyuki Kunishima; Akira Sato; Toshihiro Nozato; Shogo Miyake; Youichi Takeyama; Yoshihiro Morino; Takao Yamauchi; Toshiya Muramatsu; Kiyoshi Hibi; Mitsuyasu Terashima; Ichiro Michishita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yokohama Sakae Kyosai Hospital, Yokohama, Japan. Electronic address: nozue2493@yahoo.co.jp.
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