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Effects of Self-directed Stress Management Training and Home-based Exercise on Stress Management Skills in Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22972771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although exercise may be used by some to decrease distress, little is known about how it may contribute to stress management (SM) among patients receiving chemotherapy. We evaluated whether exercise separately or in combination with SM training is effective at increasing perceived ability to manage stress. Patients receiving chemotherapy (N = 391) were randomized to receive usual care only (UCO), SM, exercise (EX), or stress management and exercise (SMEX). They completed the Measure of Current Status prior to receiving chemotherapy and 12 weeks after the first infusion. We hypothesized that participants randomized to an intervention condition would report improvements in relaxation, awareness of tension, getting needs met and coping confidence compared with those receiving UCO. Results indicated significant group-by-time interactions for the following: relaxation (UCO versus SM, p = 0.008), awareness of tension (UCO versus SMEX, p = 0.029 and UCO versus EX, p < 0.001), getting needs met (UCO versus SMEX, p = 0.020) and Measure of Current Status total score (UCO versus SMEX, p = 0.007 and UCO versus EX, p = 0.016). There were no group-by-time interactions for coping confidence (p-values >0.05). This study provides support for including an exercise component in SM interventions for cancer patients receiving chemotherapy (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00740038). Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Kristin M Phillips; Heather S L Jim; Brent J Small; Tawee Tanvetyanon; William S Roberts; Paul B Jacobsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2998     ISO Abbreviation:  Stress Health     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101089166     Medline TA:  Stress Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.
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