Document Detail

Effects of Right Ventricular Hemodynamic Burden on Intraventricular Flow in Tetralogy of Fallot: An Echocardiographic Contrast Particle Imaging Velocimetry Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25450015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that flow patterns in the right ventricle are abnormal in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). High-resolution echocardiographic contrast particle imaging velocimetry was used to investigate rotation intensity and kinetic energy dissipation of right ventricular (RV) flow in patients with TOF compared with normal controls.
METHODS: Forty-one subjects (16 with repaired TOF and varying degrees of RV dilation and 25 normal controls) underwent prospective contrast imaging using the lipid-encapsulated microbubble (Definity) on Sequoia systems. A mechanical index of 0.4, three-beat high-frame rate (>60 Hz) captures, and harmonic frequencies were used. Rotation intensity and kinetic energy dissipation of flow in the right and left ventricles were studied (Hyperflow). Ventricular volumes and ejection fractions in all subjects were derived from same-day cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).
RESULTS: Measurable planar maps were obtained for the left ventricle in 14 patients and the right ventricle in 10 patients among those with TOF and for the left ventricle in 23 controls and the right ventricle in 21 controls. Compared with controls, the TOF group had higher RV indexed end-diastolic volumes (117.8 ± 25.5 vs 88 ± 15.4 mL/m(2), P < .001) and lower RV ejection fractions (44.6 ± 3.6% vs 51.8 ± 3.6%, P < .001). Steady-streaming (heartbeat-averaged) flow rotation intensities were higher in patients with TOF for the left ventricle (0.4 ± 0.13 vs 0.29 ± 0.08, P = .012) and the right ventricle (0.53 ± 0.15 vs 0.26 ± 0.12, P < .001), whereas kinetic energy dissipation in TOF ventricles was lower (for the left ventricle, 0.51 ± 0.29 vs 1.52 ± 0.69, P < .001; for the right ventricle, 0.4 ± 0.24 vs 1.65 ± 0.91, P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to characterize RV and left ventricular flow parameters and planar maps in adolescents and adults with repaired TOF using echocardiographic contrast particle imaging velocimetry. Intraventricular flow patterns in the abnormal and/or enlarged right ventricle in patients with TOF differ from those in normal young adults. The rotation intensity and energy dissipation trends in this investigation suggest that they may be quantitative markers of RV and left ventricular compliance abnormalities in patients with repaired TOF. This hypothesis merits further investigation.
Shelby Kutty; Ling Li; David A Danford; Helene Houle; Saurabh Datta; Joel Mancina; Yunbin Xiao; Gianni Pedrizzetti; Thomas R Porter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1311-1318     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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