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Effects of prefeeding oral stimulation on feeding performance of preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20814844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a prefeeding oral stimulation program on the feeding performance of preterm infants.
METHODS: A crossover design was used. Nineteen preterm infants who were in the transitional time to full oral feeding served as their own controls. A 5-min oral stimulation program was applied to infants prior to feeding in two of 4 feedings on two consecutive days. Feeding, behavioral state, and physiological parameters of infants in the intervention and control feeding conditions were compared using SPSS software.
RESULTS: There were two significant findings: (1) Compared to the control condition, infants in the intervention condition achieved a greater intake rate in the initial 5 min of the feeding (P = 0.021). (2) After receiving oral stimulation, a higher percentage of infants moved to the drowsy or quiet alert state from sleep or restlessness before feeding, both on Day 1 (P= 0.016) as well as Day 2 (P = 0.016). No significant differences were found in other feeding parameters, feeding-induced physiological changes (peripheral oxygen saturation levels and pulse rate) and behavioral states between two feeding conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Oral stimulation had a modulating effect on the prefeeding behavioral states and short-lived beneficial effects on the feeding efficiency of preterm infants.
Authors:
Yea-Shwu Hwang; Elsie Vergara; Chyi-Her Lin; Wendy J Coster; Rosemarie Bigsby; Wen-Hui Tsai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  869-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, yshwang@mail.ncku.edu.tw.
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