Document Detail

The effects of positive and negative support from children on widowed older adults' psychological adjustment: a longitudinal analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20019179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This article examines the extent to which positive and negative support from children prior to and after spousal loss and changes in support from pre- to post-loss affect widowed older adults' depressive symptoms, anxiety, and anger 18 months following widowhood.
DESIGN AND METHODS: Analyses are based on the Changing Lives of Older Couples, a prospective study of 1,532 married individuals aged 65 years and older. The analytic sample includes 148 widowed persons who have at least one living child and participated in the baseline and two follow-up interviews conducted 6 and 18 months following widowhood.
RESULTS: The analyses revealed that higher levels of positive support from children 6 months following widowhood were associated with fewer depressive symptoms at the 18-month follow-up, whereas higher levels of negative support 18 months after loss and a decrease in positive support following loss were associated with more depressive symptoms. Greater negative support both prior to and after loss was associated with greater anxiety, whereas greater negative support 6 months after loss and an increase in negative support following loss were related to greater anger.
IMPLICATIONS: Given their differential impact on widowed persons' psychological adjustment, both positive and negative aspects of social support as well as its changing nature should be considered in working with bereaved older adults.
Jung-Hwa Ha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Gerontologist     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1758-5341     ISO Abbreviation:  Gerontologist     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-23     Completed Date:  2010-11-03     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375327     Medline TA:  Gerontologist     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Aged, 80 and over
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Parent-Child Relations*
Widowhood / psychology*
Grant Support
AG05561-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS; AG15948-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS; AG610757-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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