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Effects of Panax Quinquefolium Saponin on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine threonine kinase pathway of neonatal rat myocardial cells subjected to hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25022552     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Panax Quinquefolium Saponin (PQS) on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine threonine kinase (PI3K/Akt) pathway of neonatal rat myocardial cells subjected to hypoxia.
METHODS: Neonatal rat myocardial cells were cultured in vitro. After the myocardial cell injury was induced by hypoxia, the cells were randomized into 5 groups: the normal group, the model group, the positive control group (Ciclosporin A, 2 μmol/L), the low-dose PQS group (PQSL, 25mg/L), and the high-dose PQS group (PQSH, 50 mg/L). Morphology and behavior of myocardial cells were observed under an inverted microscope. Apoptosis rate and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage rate of myocardial cells were determined by colorimetry. Mitochondrial transmembrane potential was assessed using a fluorexon laser. Phospho-glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β and phospho-Akt as well as cytochrome C were determined by Western blot.
RESULTS: LDH leakage in the Ciclosporin A group, PQSH group and PQSL group reduced progressively compared with the model group (P<0.05). Akt and GSK-3β was strongly phosphorylated after treatment with Ciclosporin A and PQS compared with the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group (16.41±1.74; 35.28±6.30), both the integrated optical density of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) and the mitochondrial transmembrane potential significantly increased in the PQSH group (42.74±2.12; 71.36±6.54) and the PQSL group (39.58±1.49; 66.99±5.45; P<0.05, P<0.01). However, the protein of cytochrome C outside the mitochondrion decreased in the PQSH group (273.66±14.61) and the PQSL group (259.62±17.31) compared with the model group (502.41±17.76; P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Through activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway and inhibition of the MPTP, PQS might protect the heart against ischemia injury and apoptosis of myocardial cells.
Authors:
Chun-Yu Guo; Xiao-Juan Ma; Jing-Shang Wang; Ying Shi; Xin Liu; Hui-Jun Yin; Ke-Ji Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese journal of integrative medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1672-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin J Integr Med     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181180     Medline TA:  Chin J Integr Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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