Document Detail

Effects of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Combined with Exercises versus an Exercise Program on the Pain and the Function in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24151589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives. To investigate the effect of 8 weeks of NMES + Ex (neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with exercises) on pain and functional improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared to exercise (Ex) alone. Design. Randomized controlled trial. Setting. A specialty outpatient clinic. Participants. Patients (N = 100; women = 86, men = 14; age range, 50-75 years) with knee OA. Interventions. Participants were randomly assigned to NMES + Ex or Ex group. Outcome Measures. Numerical Rating Scale 0 to 10 (NRS) and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test were the primary outcomes. The secondary outcomes used were the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Results. Following the interventions, a statistically significant improvement in both groups was observed in all outcomes assessed. For the comparison between the groups, no statistically significant difference was found between the NMES + Ex and the Ex groups in NRS (P = 0.52), TUG test (P = 0.12), and aspects of WOMAC: pain (P = 0.26), function (P = 0.23), and stiffness (P = 0.63). Conclusion. The addition of NMES to exercise did not improve the outcomes assessed in knee OA patients. This study was registered at the Australian Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN012607000357459).
Aline Mizusaki Imoto; Stella Peccin; Kelson Nonato Gomes da Silva; Lucas Emmanuel Pedro de Paiva Teixeira; Marcelo Ismael Abrahão; Virgínia Fernandes Moça Trevisani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-09-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  BioMed research international     Volume:  2013     ISSN:  2314-6141     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomed Res Int     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101600173     Medline TA:  Biomed Res Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  272018     Citation Subset:  IM    
Internal Medicine Department, Federal University of São Paulo, 04023-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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