Document Detail


Effects of hydraulic-resistance exercise on strength and power in untrained healthy older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20664367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lee, S, Islam, MM, Rogers, ME, Kusunoki, M, Okada, A, and Takeshima, N. Effects of hydraulic-resistance exercise on strength and power in untrained healthy older adults. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1089-1097, 2011-The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of hydraulic-resistance exercise (HDRE) in improving strength and power in healthy older adults. Thirty-nine older adults (68.6 ± 4.9 years; 15 men, 24 women) were divided into a training group or control group (CON). Hydraulic-resistance exercise consisted of a 12-week supervised program, 50 min·d, 3 d·wk. Hydraulic-resistance exercise was used for 10 exercises: Chest press and pull, shoulder press and pull, low back flexion and extension squat, leg adduction/abduction, leg press, and elbow extension/flexion. The number of the sets and the hydraulic-resistance dial setting (D) were gradually increased in 3 stages during the 12-week program. Strength, rating of perceived exertion, and relative intensity during exercise increased significantly from stage to stage whereas repetition velocity decreased. Total work was higher in the second stage compared with the first but lower in the final stage because of reduced repetitions. Peak torque at D2 and D11 increased (p < 0.05) for knee extension (58 and 9%) and flexion (94 and 21%), chest press (35 and 12%) and pull (29 and 14%), shoulder press (14 and 18%) and pull (75 and 18%), and low back flexion (59 and 46%) and extension (84 and 34%). Peak power at D2 and D11 also increased (p < 0.05) for knee extension (140 and 26%) and flexion (96 and 36%), chest press (54 and 28%) and pull (62 and 23%), shoulder press (55 and 31%) and pull (159 and 30%), and low back flexion (177 and 127%) and extension (104 and 66%). There were no significant changes in the CON. Hydraulic-resistance exercise elicits significant improvements in strength and power in older adults. Therefore, HDRE is an effective form of resistance training that provides benefits using low and moderate intensity of training for older adults.
Authors:
Sungchul Lee; Mohammod M Islam; Michael E Rogers; Masanobu Kusunoki; Akiyoshi Okada; Nobuo Takeshima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1089-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1Department of Exercise Gerontology, Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan; 2Department of Human Performance Studies, Center for Physical Activity and Aging, Wichita State University, Wichita, Kansas; 3Department of Electronic Systems and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology, Kinki University, Kinokawa, Wakayama, Japan; and 4Center for Health Care, Aichi University of Education, Kariya, Aichi, Japan.
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