Document Detail


Effects of general principles of person transfer techniques on low back joint extension moment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20616468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of general principles of person transfer techniques specifically on the low back joint extension moment. These effects were examined by the following measurable quantitative parameters: 1) trunk bending angle, 2) knee flexion angle, 3) distance between the centers of gravity (COGs) of the caregiver and patient, representing the distance between the caregiver and patient, and 4) the vertical component of the ground reaction force representing the amount of the weight-bearing load on the caregiver's low back during transfers with and without assistive devices. Twenty students each took the role of caregiver, and one healthy adult simulated a patient. The participants performed three different transfer tasks: without any assistive device, with the patient wearing a low back belt, and with the caregiver using a transfer board. We found that the distance between the COGs and the vertical component of the ground reaction force, but not the trunk bending and knee flexion angles, were the variables that affected the low back joint extension moment. Our results suggest that the general principle of decreasing the distance between COGs is most effective for decreasing the low back joint extension moment during transfers under all conditions.
Authors:
Junji Katsuhira; Syun Yamasaki; Sumiko Yamamoto; Hitoshi Maruyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Industrial health     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1880-8026     ISO Abbreviation:  Ind Health     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985065R     Medline TA:  Ind Health     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  796-803     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International University of Health and Welfare.
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