Document Detail

Effects of exercise on bone mass in young women with anorexia nervosa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20962688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: The response of bone to exercise in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) is unclear. We investigated the associations between bone mineral density (BMD) and exercise performed while ill and while recovered in women with a history of AN.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 141 women with AN (85 ill; 56 recovered), aged 17-40 yr. BMD at the lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), and total body (TB) was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Life History Calendar and Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity interviews were used to collect lifetime illness and exercise histories (amount and bone loading type). Average hours per week of each of moderate (MOD) and high (HI) bone loading exercise were determined for three illness phases: "before ill," "while ill," and "while recovered." Participants were categorized into four exercise groups for each phase: MOD-ONLY, HI-ONLY, BOTH, and NEITHER (reference group). Weight-adjusted BMD z-scores were compared in the exercise groups by multivariable linear regression, adjusting for illness duration and severity, and exercise during the other illness phases.
RESULTS: In ill participants, MOD-ONLY "while ill" had lower BMD at LS (β = -0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -1.02 to -0.05) and TB (β = -0.73, 95% CI = -1.31 to -0.15) than the NEITHER group. In recovered participants, HI-ONLY "while recovered" had higher BMD at FN (β = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.15-1.75) and TB (β = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.07-1.51) than the NEITHER group.
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of exercise on bone in AN patients is dependent on both the type of mechanical loading and the phase of illness during which it was performed. Excessive moderate loading exercise while ill may put patients at higher risk of low bone mass, but high bone loading activities may provoke bone accrual during recovery.
Esther J Waugh; D Blake Woodside; Dorcas E Beaton; Pierre Coté; Gillian A Hawker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  755-63     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 by the American College of Sports Medicine
Osteoporosis Research Program, Women’s College Hospital, 76 Grenville St., 8th Floor E, Room 812B, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2B2.
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Grant Support
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research

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