Document Detail


Effects of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin and guanylin on the barrier integrity of intestinal epithelial T84 cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23078906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tight junctions contribute to the formation and establishment of intestinal epithelial barriers against microbial infections. However, a variety of enteric pathogens have developed strategies to adhere to and invade epithelial cells and disrupt epithelial integrity. The aim of this study was to ascertain if enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) can cause deterioration of epithelial barrier integrity. Since STa shows amino acid similarity to guanylin, we evaluated the effects of both of these molecules on T84 epithelial cells. T84 epithelial monolayers were grown on 24-well Transwell filters and barrier integrity was assayed by measurement of transepithelial electrical resistance (TER). Macromolecular permeability of the monolayers was determined by measuring the paracellular passage of FITC-labeled dextran 4000 from apical to basolateral compartments of the Transwell filter culture. Treatment of T84 monolayers with either ST or guanylin did not increase paracellular permeability to FITC-dextran. However, although guanylin, which is a physiological guanylate cyclase activator, did not change TER in polarized T84 monolayers, ST did elicit a reduction in TER within 2h, at concentrations above 4μM. These data suggest that STa causes not only induction of water secretion but also intestinal barrier dysfunction.
Authors:
Ryo Nakashima; Yoichi Kamata; Yoshikazu Nishikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary immunology and immunopathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2534     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8002006     Medline TA:  Vet Immunol Immunopathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Human Life Science, Osaka City University, Sugimoto 3-3-138, Osaka 558-8585, Japan.
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