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Effects of Ampicillin/Sulbactam and Enrofloxacin on the Blood Pressure of Isoflurane Anesthetized Dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23861268     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A blinded, prospective, randomized crossover study was performed to determine the effects of ampicillin Na/sulbactam Na and enrofloxacin on the blood pressure (BP) of healthy anesthetized dogs. Eight dogs were anesthetized three different times. They randomly received enrofloxacin, ampicillin Na/sulbactam Na, and saline. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BPs (SAP, DAP, and MAP, respectively), heart rate (HR), O2 saturation of hemoglobin, end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) concentration, inspired isoflurane concentration, end-tidal isoflurane (ETiso) concentration, respiratory rate, electrocardiogram, and body temperature were measured for 20 min prior to administration of treatment, during administration over 30 min, and for 30 min after administration. There was no significant difference in the SAP or ETiso. There was no significant change in the arterial pressure values over time in the enrofloxacin and ampicillin Na/sulbactam Na groups. The control group's MAP increased over time and was increased compared with the enrofloxacin group at times 25, 35, 45, and 55. The statistical difference between the enrofloxacin and the control groups was due to an increase in the MAP in the control group, not a decrease in the enrofloxacin group's BP. Neither enrofloxacin nor ampicillin Na/sulbactam Na caused hypotension in healthy dogs anesthetized with isoflurane and fentanyl.
Authors:
Jeremiah D Moorer; Heather A Towle-Millard; Marjorie E Gross; Mark E Payton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1547-3317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415027     Medline TA:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Small Animal Surgery, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK; and Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (H.T-M.).
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