Document Detail

The effects of endurance and recreational exercise on subclinical evidence of atherosclerosis in young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20186039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: This study set out to identify the effects of recreational and endurance exercise on subclinical evidence of atherosclerosis in young adults. METHODS: Cardiovascular disease risk factors and intima-media thickness determination by B-mode ultrasonography of 150 subjects were correlated to endurance exercise, recreational exercise, and sedentary lifestyle. The subjects comprised 20- to 40-year-old men and women without cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional, case-control study analyzed data on the laboratory parameters and information collected from a risk factor questionnaire. RESULTS: The athletes, both endurance and recreational groups, have significantly superior values with respect to physiognomy, lipid profile, and inflammatory markers in relation to the nonexercising study population (all P < 0.05). Detailed analysis showed markedly reduced values for relative body fat (relative reduction 14.3%), low-density lipoprotein (10.6%), and triglycerides (13.5%) and a 50% reduction of hs-C-reactive protein. In the univariate and multivariate comparison of athletic (n = 100) and nonathletic (n = 50) groups, exercise did not show to exert a significant influence on vascular wall parameters (for all, P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Exercise, in recreational and endurance form, between the ages of 20 and 40 years exerts a preventive influence on cardiovascular risk factors but seems to fail to affect early, atherosclerotic vascular wall changes.
Martin Popovic; Stefan Puchner; Georg Endler; Cathrin Foraschik; Erich Minar; Robert A Bucek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of the medical sciences     Volume:  339     ISSN:  1538-2990     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-08     Completed Date:  2010-04-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370506     Medline TA:  Am J Med Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  332-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Atherosclerosis / physiopathology*,  therapy*
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Recreation Therapy / methods
Young Adult

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