Document Detail

The effects of the endothelium on adrenal steroidogenesis and growth are mainly mediated by proteins other than endothelin-1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20839150     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The endothelium releases factors stimulating the adrenal cortex. It is also known that endothelin-1 (ET-1) promotes generation of cortisol and aldosterone, and proliferation of adrenocortical cells. The aim of the study was to find out whether the effect of the endothelium on adrenocortical cells is dominated by the action of ET-1. The effects of endothelial cell-conditioned medium (ECCM), obtained during growth of human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells, on aldosterone and cortisol release by cells of the adrenocortical cancer cell-line NCI-H295R and the promoter activity of steroidogenic acute-regulatory protein (StAR) were studied. The effect of ECCM on proliferation of human primary normal adrenocortical and NCI-H295R cells was also investigated. Concentration-dependent increases in cortisol release that reached 192.7 ± 62.8 in percent of basal secretion, in aldosterone release that reached 188.2 ± 52.3 in percent of basal secretion, and in proliferation after stimulation with ECCM at concentrations of 10-50% were found. ECCM significantly activated the StAR promoter 3-fold in NCI-H295R cells if the ECCM was not pretreated with pronase. These effects of the endothelium were not reversed after co-incubation with endothelin receptor antagonists and could not be mimicked by incubation with endothelin-1. In conclusion, the cultured endothelial cells secrete a protein that stimulates steroidogenesis in adrenal cells and their growth. It was also shown that the ET-1 does not mediate the effect of ECCM on the NCI-H295R cell line.
I Paramonova; M Haase; B Mülders-Opgenoorth; I Ansurudeen-Rafi; S R Bornstein; C Papewalis; S Schinner; M Schott; W A Scherbaum; H S Willenberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1439-4286     ISO Abbreviation:  Horm. Metab. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177722     Medline TA:  Horm Metab Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  840-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Rheumatology, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
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