Document Detail

Effects of DNA methyltransferase 1 inhibition on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21539677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To explore the role of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the potential of DNMT1-targeted small interfering RNA as ESCC therapy, we examined expression changes of DNMT1 in ESCC and investigated the effect of DNMT1 knockdown by RNA interference in a human ESCC cell line, KYSE30. DNMT1 messenger RNA was over-expressed in seven out of 12 ESCC samples, and the percentage of cells expressing DNMT1 was significantly higher in ESCC tissues compared with paired non-cancerous tissues. DNMT1 protein levels correlated with lymph node metastasis, but exhibited no correlation with sex, age, tumor site, or tumor differentiation. Knockdown of DNMT1 in KYSE30 cells using RNA interference resulted in a reduction of promoter methylation and re-expression of methyl-guanine methyl-transferase and retinoic acid receptors beta, inhibition of cell proliferation/viability and induction of cell apoptosis. These results indicate that DNMT1 over-expression is involved in ESCC and correlated with lymph node metastasis. Knockdown of DNMT1 led to promoter demethylation and re-expression of several tumor suppressor genes thereby inhibiting cell proliferation/viability and inducing cell apoptosis.
Shu-Lei Zhao; Sheng-Tao Zhu; Xiaowen Hao; Peng Li; Shu-Tian Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-2050     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809160     Medline TA:  Dis Esophagus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.
Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
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