Document Detail

The effects of cue-specific inhibition training on alcohol consumption in heavy social drinkers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23181512     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Training social drinkers to exercise motor inhibitory control leads to a reduction in alcohol consumption. However, it is unclear if participants should attempt to exercise inhibitory control in the presence of alcohol-related cues or if nonspecific inhibition training is equally effective. It is also unclear if comparable effects can be demonstrated by training oculomotor inhibitory control. We trained motor inhibition in the context of a modified stop-signal task (experiment 1) and oculomotor inhibition in the context of a modified antisaccade task (experiment 2) before investigating the influence of these manipulations on alcohol consumption. Results from experiment 1 demonstrated that training motor inhibition in the presence of alcohol-related cues led to reduced ad libitum alcohol consumption in the laboratory but not self-reported drinking in the week after training. These effects were seen in contrast to a control group that received no inhibition training and another control group that was trained to inhibit only in the presence of neutral cues; alcohol consumption did not differ between the latter two groups. In experiment 2, training of oculomotor inhibition in the presence of alcohol-related cues led to slowed eye movements toward target cues on catch trials, but it did not influence the proportion of inhibitory failures and had no influence on alcohol consumption in the laboratory. We conclude that training participants to exercise inhibitory control in the presence of alcohol-related cues can reduce alcohol consumption, but the effects are transient and are only seen when motor, but not oculomotor, inhibition is trained.
Andrew Jones; Matt Field
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1936-2293     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-05     Completed Date:  2014-04-21     Revised Date:  2014-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419066     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Behavior, Addictive / psychology*
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Learning / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Reaction Time
Saccades / physiology
Social Behavior*
Grant Support
MR/K001558/1//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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