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Effects of Carbogen on Cochlear Blood Flow and Hearing Function Following Acute Acoustic Trauma in Guinea Pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23085262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Disturbances of microcirculation and hemorheological changes in the inner ear are the results of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Both the disturbances of microcirculation and hemorheological changes are the etiologies of NIHL development, but they are also the results. Although previous reports that inhalation of high concentration of CO(2) may increase cochlear blood flow (CoBF), the effects of carbogen on the cochlear microcirculation and NIHL remain unclear. METHODS: Changes induced by noise, carbogen and pure oxygen within the cochlear lateral wall microvasculature and in hearing thresholds were observed in guinea pigs using intravital microscopy and the auditory brainstem response. At the same time, arterial oxygen saturation and morphologic changes of cochlear hair cells were observed. RESULTS: Carbogen inhalation increased vessel diameters and blood flow velocities. Hearing thresholds elevation in the carbogen group was smaller than those in the control and oxygen group (p <0.05). Carbogen inhalation produced a trend toward less threshold shift after noise exposure, which reached statistical significance after day 3 (p <0.01). Respiratory acidosis was not found in our study. The segmented basal membranes of Corti in three groups indicated that no losses or discorders of hair cells were found. CONCLUSIONS: Carbogen inhalation can preserve hearing in animal models after acute acoustic trauma.
Authors:
Jing Zhao; Jianjun Sun; Yang Liu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of medical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5487     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312706     Medline TA:  Arch Med Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Beijing Naval General Hospital, Center of Otorhinolaryngology, PLA, Beijing, China.
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