Document Detail

Effects of Calisthenics and Pilates Exercises on Coordination and Proprioception in Adult Women: Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22104298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess and compare the effects of 6 months of Pilates and calisthenics on multi-joint coordination and proprioception of the lower limbs at the 3rd and 6th months of training. DESIGN: A randomized controlled, assessor blinded, repeated measures design. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS/INTERVENTION: Healthy, sedentary, female participants aged 25-50 years were recruited, and they were randomly divided into three groups: a calisthenic exercise group (n=34, mean age (X±SD): 40±8 years, BMI: 31.04±4.83 kg/m2), a Pilates exercises group (n=32, mean age (X±SD): 37±8 years, BMI: 31.04±4.83 kg/m2), and a control group (n=41, mean age (X±SD): 41±7 years, BMI: 27.09±4.77 kg/m2). The calisthenics and Pilates groups underwent related training programs for six months, whereas the controls had no specific training. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Coordination and proprioception of the lower extremities with concentric and eccentric performances in closed kinetic chain assessed with the Monitored Rehab Functional Squat System at the baseline and, at the 3rd and 6th months of training. RESULTS: For the within group comparison, coordinative concentric and eccentric deviation values were significantly decreased for both dominant and non-dominant lower limbs at pre-training and at the 3rd and 6th month post training, respectively, in the calisthenic group (p<0.05). In contrast to the calisthenic group, there was no improvement in the Pilates group throughout the training. However, for comparisons between groups, the baseline values of coordinative concentric and eccentric deviations were different in the calisthenic group in comparison to the Pilates and the controls (p<0.05). There were no differences in the proprioception values of both the visible and non- visible movement within all groups throughout the training (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It seems that calisthenic exercises are more likely to improve coordination of the lower extremity at the 3rd and 6th months of training than Pilates exercises. Practice of calisthenic exercises may be useful for individuals who require improved coordination.
Derya Ozer Kaya; Irem Duzgun; Gul Baltaci; Selma Karacan; Filiz Colakoglu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1543-3072     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206500     Medline TA:  J Sport Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Ahi Evran University, Kirsehir, Turkey.
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