Document Detail

Effects of Asthma on Nicotine Dependence Development and Smoking Cessation Attempts in Adolescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23347267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether asthma predicts the development of nicotine dependence and unsuccessful smoking cessation attempts in adolescent smokers. In addition, it was tested whether nicotine dependence could explain the relation between asthma and unsuccessful cessation attempts. Methods: A longitudinal survey study was conducted among 286 adolescents (aged 12-15 at T1) who had never used tobacco at baseline and were current smokers at follow-up 22 months later. Regression analyses were applied to test the effects of four asthma indicators (current wheeze, indication of asthma, symptom severity, and current diagnosed asthma) on nicotine dependence and smoking cessation attempts. Results: Both adolescents who had an indication of asthma as well as adolescents with higher symptom severity developed higher levels of nicotine dependence over time and made a greater number of unsuccessful smoking cessation attempts in the past 12 months compared to those without asthma or less severe symptoms. Nicotine dependence partly mediated the effects of asthma symptoms on unsuccessful cessation attempts. Current wheezing and current diagnosed asthma did not predict nicotine dependence or unsuccessful quit attempts. Conclusions: Nicotine dependence develops more quickly in youth with symptoms of asthma, and this partly explains the increased number of unsuccessful cessation attempts of adolescents with asthma. Smoking prevention and smoking cessation programmes are encouraged to provide additional support for youth with asthma, focusing on both the physiological and psychological aspects of dependence.
Monique O M Van De Ven; Rinka M P van Zundert; Rutger C M E Engels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-4303     ISO Abbreviation:  J Asthma     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106454     Medline TA:  J Asthma     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen , Nijmegen , the Netherlands.
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