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Effects of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy on Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Levels in the Gingival Crevicular Fluid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23373793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background and objective: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been proposed as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing (SRP). The transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β) has been considered as an anti-inflammatory cytokine, and its levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) could monitor the periodontal repair. This study evaluated the adjunct effect of aPDT compared with SRP, analyzing the TGF-β levels in GCF after nonsurgical and surgical therapy in chronic periodontitis patients. Methods: Fifteen patients, presenting bilaterally lower molars with class III furcation lesions, were selected. Each pair of teeth was randomly assigned to a control group (CG) or test group (TG). Initially, SRP was performed in the CG, and SRP + aPDT in the TG. Forty-five days later, flap surgery plus SRP, and flap surgery plus SRP + aPDT were performed in CG and TG, respectively. GCF was collected and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was conducted to determine the amount and concentration of TGF-β in the GCF at baseline, 45 days post-initial therapy, and 21 days after surgery. Results: Statistically significant differences between groups were found in relation to GCF volume 21 days after the surgical procedures (p=0.03) and TGF-β concentration in GCF 45 days post-initial therapy (p=0.04), favoring the TG. Conclusions: There was an additional effect of the aPDT protocol compared with SRP for the TGF-β concentration in GCF 45 days after nonsurgical therapy, and for the GCF volume 21 days after surgical therapy.
Authors:
Sérgio L S Souza; Patrícia F Andrade; João S Silva; Fabrine S M Tristão; Fernanda A Rocha; Daniela B Palioto; Marcio F M Grisi; Mário Taba; Arthur B Novaes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Photomedicine and laser surgery     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1557-8550     ISO Abbreviation:  Photomed Laser Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101222340     Medline TA:  Photomed Laser Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Bucco-Maxillo-Facial Surgery and Traumatology and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo , Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil .
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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