Document Detail


Effects of aerobic and/or resistance training on body mass and fat mass in overweight or obese adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23019316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent guidelines on exercise for weight loss and weight maintenance include resistance training as part of the exercise prescription. Yet few studies have compared the effects of similar amounts of aerobic and resistance training on body mass and fat mass in overweight adults. STRRIDE AT/RT, a randomized trial, compared aerobic training, resistance training, and a combination of the two to determine the optimal mode of exercise for obesity reduction. Participants were 119 sedentary, overweight or obese adults who were randomized to one of three 8-mo exercise protocols: 1) RT: resistance training, 2) AT: aerobic training, and 3) AT/RT: aerobic and resistance training (combination of AT and RT). Primary outcomes included total body mass, fat mass, and lean body mass. The AT and AT/RT groups reduced total body mass and fat mass more than RT (P < 0.05), but they were not different from each other. RT and AT/RT increased lean body mass more than AT (P < 0.05). While requiring double the time commitment, a program of combined AT and RT did not result in significantly more fat mass or body mass reductions over AT alone. Balancing time commitments against health benefits, it appears that AT is the optimal mode of exercise for reducing fat mass and body mass, while a program including RT is needed for increasing lean mass in middle-aged, overweight/obese individuals.
Authors:
Leslie H Willis; Cris A Slentz; Lori A Bateman; A Tamlyn Shields; Lucy W Piner; Connie W Bales; Joseph A Houmard; William E Kraus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-09-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-17     Completed Date:  2013-06-14     Revised Date:  2013-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1831-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00275145
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / physiopathology*
Body Weight*
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Overweight / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation
Physical Fitness*
Resistance Training / methods*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2R01-HL057354/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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