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Effects of Adding Ezetimibe to Fluvastatin on Kidney Function in Patients with Hypercholesterolemia: a Randomized Control Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23197250     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aims: Statins not only reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, but also prevent the progression of kidney dysfunction. Ezetimibe, a cholesterol-absorption inhibitor, also lowers LDL cholesterol levels when added to statins; however, the effect of add-on ezetimibe on kidney function has had conflicting results.Methods: We conducted an open-labeled, randomized, 12-month trial, comparing the effects of daily therapy with 20 mg fluvastatin either with or without 10 mg ezetimibe in 54 patients with dyslipidemia. The prespecified primary outcome was the percent change from baseline in kidney function, which was defined by the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The secondary outcomes were the changes in surrogate atherosclerotic markers. All analyses were by intention to treat.Results: The primary outcome, the percent change from baseline (±SE) of the estimated glomerular filtration rate, was -5.5±1.9% in the fluvastatin-only group and 6.6±1.9% in the fluvastatin-plusezetimibe (combined-therapy) group (p=0.0002). Secondary outcomes, consisting of the cardioankle vascular index, augmentation index, ankle-brachial index, and maximum intima-media thickness of the carotid arteries, did not differ significantly between the two groups. At the end of the study, the mean (±SD) LDL cholesterol was 122±23 mg per deciliter in the fluvastatin group and 111±29 mg per deciliter in the combined-therapy group (a between-group difference of 9.2%, p= 0.036). Side-effect and safety profiles were similar in the two groups.Conclusion: Combined therapy with fluvastatin 20 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg daily resulted in a significant improvement in changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate.
Authors:
Kenichiro Kinouchi; Atsuhiro Ichihara; Kanako Bokuda; Satoshi Morimoto; Hiroshi Itoh
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1880-3873     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Atheroscler. Thromb.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9506298     Medline TA:  J Atheroscler Thromb     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine.
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