Document Detail


Effects of acute exercise on sensory and executive processing tasks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20019631     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The immediate and delayed effects of a single bout of steady-state aerobic exercise on 19 young adults' (mean = 21.1 yr) sensory sensitivity (critical flicker fusion, CFF) and executive function (modified Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task, PASAT) were assessed. METHODS: Tests were performed before exercise, five times during 40 min of ergometer cycling at 90% ventilatory threshold, and three times during a 30-min postexercise period. In a separate control session, each participant performed the same sequence of tests while seated on the ergometer without pedaling. RESULTS: ANOVA were performed separately on CFF and PASAT scores, which compared performance during exercise and nonexercise conditions at nine time points. Planned ANOVA of CFF scores revealed that the participants' sensory discrimination increased during exercise and then quickly returned to baseline levels immediately after exercise. PASAT scores did not change during or after exercise. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise-induced arousal facilitates sensory processes involved in stimulus detection but does not influence the updating component of executive processing.
Authors:
Kate Lambourne; Michel Audiffren; Phillip D Tomporowski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1396-402     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-6554, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Bicycling
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Time Factors
Visual Perception / physiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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