Document Detail


Effects of Acute and Chronic Exercise in Patients With Essential Hypertension: Benefits and Risks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25362114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The importance of regular physical activity in essential hypertension has been extensively investigated over the last decades and has emerged as a major modifiable factor contributing to optimal blood pressure control. Aerobic exercise exerts its beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system by promoting traditional cardiovascular risk factor regulation, as well as by favorably regulating sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, molecular effects, cardiac, and vascular function. Benefits of resistance exercise need further validation. On the other hand, acute exercise is now an established trigger of acute cardiac events. A number of possible pathophysiological links have been proposed, including SNS, vascular function, coagulation, fibrinolysis, and platelet function. In order to fully interpret this knowledge into clinical practice, we need to better understand the role of exercise intensity and duration in this pathophysiological cascade and in special populations. Further studies in hypertensive patients are also warranted in order to clarify the possibly favorable effect of antihypertensive treatment on exercise-induced effects.
Authors:
Eugenia Gkaliagkousi; Eleni Gavriilaki; Stella Douma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1941-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-2    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2014. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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