Document Detail


Effects of 30 days of creatine ingestion in older men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10408325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this investigation we evaluated the effects of oral creatine (Cr) supplementation on body composition, strength of the elbow flexors, and fatigue of the knee extensors in 20 males aged 60-82 years who were randomly administered Cr or placebo (P) in a double-blind fashion. Subjects ingested either 20 g of Cr or P for 10 days, followed by either 4 g of Cr or P, respectively, for 20 days. Tests were conducted pre-supplementation and following 10 and 30 days of supplementation. Leg fatigue was determined using an isokinetic dynamometer; subjects performed 5 sets of 30 maximal voluntary contractions at 180 degrees x s(-1), with 1 min of recovery between sets. The strength of the elbow flexors was assessed using a modified preacher bench attached to a strain gauge. There was a significant interaction (P < 0.05; group x time) in leg fatigue following supplementation. However, this interaction appears to have resulted from a combination of the improved fatigue score by the Cr-supplemented group and the decreased fatigue score by the P-supplemented group, because when the simple main effects were analyzed for the groups individually, there was no significant difference over time for either of the groups. There were no significant differences in body mass, body density, or fat-free mass as assessed by hydrostatic weighing, or strength between the Cr-supplemented or P-supplemented groups. These data suggest that 30 days of Cr-supplementation may have a beneficial effect on reducing muscle fatigue in men over the age of 60 years, but it does not affect body composition or strength.
Authors:
E S Rawson; M L Wehnert; P M Clarkson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-01     Completed Date:  1999-09-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Exercise Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 01003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Body Composition / drug effects*
Creatine / pharmacology*
Double-Blind Method
Exercise / physiology
Humans
Isometric Contraction / drug effects,  physiology
Leg / physiology
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Fatigue / drug effects,  physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects,  physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-00-1/Creatine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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