Document Detail

Effects of a 2-year school-based intervention of enhanced physical education in the primary school.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23879783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered.
METHODS: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected stratifying by geographic location (city, plain, hills) and were assigned either to an intervention (127 boys; 120 girls) or to a traditional (129 boys; 121 girls) physical education program. At baseline (age: 8-9 years) and after a 2-year follow-up (age: 10-11 years), information was collected about sport participation and daily activity habits using a self-administered questionnaire. Height, weight, and BMI were measured and physical performance was assessed by means of standardized tests.
RESULTS: The enhanced program of physical education was effective in improving physical abilities of children and determining a decrease (boys: 10%; girls: 12%) in daily sedentary activities (preintervention versus postintervention, p < .05; intervention versus control group, p < .01). The percentages of overweight and obese children did not vary significantly, but the experimental group showed a significantly lower rise in BMI compared to the control group (p < .001).
CONCLUSION: The school proved to be an ideal setting for promoting physical activity and achieving the required daily activity levels.
Rossella Sacchetti; Andrea Ceciliani; Andrea Garulli; Laura Dallolio; Patrizia Beltrami; Erica Leoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  639-46     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
Senior Research Scientist, (, Department of Medicine and Public Health, University of Bologna, S. Giacomo 12, 40126 Bologna, Italy.
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