Document Detail

Effectiveness of weight loss interventions for obese older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23286596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The consequences of obesity among older adults are significant, yet few obesity interventions target this group. Unfamiliarity with weight loss intervention effectiveness and concerns that weight loss negatively affects older adults may be inhibiting targeting this group. This paper reviews the evidence on intentional weight loss and effective weight loss interventions for obese older adults to help dispel concerns and guide health promotion practice.
DATA SOURCE: PubMed articles.
STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials examining behavioral and pharmaceutical weight loss strategies with 1-year follow-up targeting obese (body mass index ≥ 30) older adults (mean age ≥ 60 years), and studies with quasi-experimental designs examining surgical weight loss strategies targeting older adults were examined.
DATA EXTRACTION: Abstracts were reviewed for study objective relevancy, with relevant articles extracted and reviewed.
DATA SYNTHESIS: Data were inserted into an analysis matrix.
RESULTS: Evidence indicates behavioral strategies are effective in producing significant (all p < .05) weight loss without significant risk to obese older adults, but effectiveness evidence for surgical and pharmaceutical strategies for obese older adults is lacking, primarily because this group has not been targeted in trials or analyses did not isolate this group.
CONCLUSION: These findings support the promotion of intentional weight loss among obese older adults and provide guidance to health promotion practitioners on effective weight loss interventions to use with this group.
Holly C Felix; Delia S West
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of health promotion : AJHP     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0890-1171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Health Promot     Publication Date:    2013 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-04     Completed Date:  2013-12-10     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701680     Medline TA:  Am J Health Promot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-9     Citation Subset:  T    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Obesity Agents / therapeutic use
Bariatric Surgery
Body Mass Index
Lactones / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Obesity / therapy*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Risk Reduction Behavior
Weight Loss
Weight Reduction Programs
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Obesity Agents; 0/Lactones; 96829-58-2/orlistat

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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