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Effectiveness and safety of selected bone marrow stem cells on left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25465825     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Concerns regarding the use of selected bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) in the field of cardiac repair after acute ischemic events have been raised. The current meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of selected BMSC transplantation in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) based on published randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Ovid LWW, BIOSIS Previews, and the Cochrane library from 1990 to 2014 was conducted. Results from RCTs involving subjects with AMI receiving selected BMSC therapy and followed up for at least 6months were pooled.
RESULTS: Eight trials with a total of 262 participants were included. Data were analyzed using a random effects model. Overall, selected BMSC therapy improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by 3.17% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-5.76, P=0.02), compared with the controls. There were trends toward reduced left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) and fewer major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). Subgroup analysis revealed a significant difference in LVEF in favor of selected BMSC therapy with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) as the cell type.
CONCLUSIONS: Transplantation of selected BMSCs for patients with AMI is safe and induces a significant increase in LVEF with a limited impact on left ventricular remodeling.
Authors:
Bei Liu; Chong-Yang Duan; Cheng-Feng Luo; Cai-Wen Ou; Kan Sun; Zhi-Ye Wu; He Huang; Chuan-Fang Cheng; Yun-Peng Li; Min-Sheng Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-11-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  177     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  764-770     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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