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Effectiveness of packed rice-oral rehydration solution among children with acute watery diarrhea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21298835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the effectiveness between the packed rice-oral rehydration solution (R-ORS) and the glucose-based oral rehydration solution (G-ORS) in children with acute watery diarrhea.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomized control trial was conducted to compare duration of diarrhea, stool frequency, incremental weight gain, intravenous fluid requirement, and duration of admission. Subjects were 70 pediatric patients (9-60 months-old) and were equally divided into two groups (n=35 for each): treatment group (with R-ORS treatment) and control group (with G-ORS treatment). The data were collected during January 1, 2007 to January 2008. All patients were treated with oral rehydration therapy within first 4 hours of admission. Intravenous rehydration was also scheduled. Both groups were fed with rice gruel or lactose-free formula as tolerated.
RESULTS: Using survival analysis, both duration of diarrhea and admission was significantly shortened in the treatment group compared to the control group. (27.5 hrs. vs. 40.5 hrs: p = 0.01 and 40.1 hrs. vs. 56.0 hrs: p = 0.02 respectively). However, stool frequency, incremental weight gain and intravenous fluid requirement between the two groups remained insignificantly different.
CONCLUSION: R-ORS was more effective in the management of acute watery diarrhea in children. Duration of diarrhea and treatment was shortened when compared to G-ORS.
Authors:
Sukkrawan Intarakhao; Paskorn Sritipsukho; Kwanta Aue-u-lan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet     Volume:  93 Suppl 7     ISSN:  0125-2208     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Assoc Thai     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507216     Medline TA:  J Med Assoc Thai     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S21-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Patumthanee, Thailand.
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