Document Detail


Effectiveness of occupational therapy following organ transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15586856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Individuals who receive a solid organ transplant have pre-operative and post-operative impairments in physical function. PURPOSE: This pilot study evaluated the changes in physical function of 23 individuals with an organ transplant who received 2 or more hours of occupational therapy while inpatients in an acute care facility. These individuals also received physiotherapy treatment that was retrospectively quantified. Post-operative function was evaluated at assessment and discharge from occupational therapy with the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). RESULTS: Significant improvements in FIM scores (mean change +22) were noted at discharge from occupational therapy and there was a positive correlation between attendances or minutes of occupational therapy and study participants' changes in function. Occupational therapy attendances or minutes were also negatively correlated with study participants' initial functional status, which suggests that individuals with lower function received more occupational therapy. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Notwithstanding the benefit of physiotherapy, and the methodological limits of an uncontrolled pre-test/post-test design, this study provides novel, preliminary evidence for the benefit of occupational therapy during the acute care stay of individuals with a solid organ transplant.
Authors:
Jennifer Hastings; Susan Gowans; Diane E Watson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of occupational therapy. Revue canadienne d'ergothérapie     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0008-4174     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Occup Ther     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-09     Completed Date:  2005-01-07     Revised Date:  2008-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0406021     Medline TA:  Can J Occup Ther     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Rehabilitation Services, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Health Network, ON. jen.hastings@uhn.on.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Female
Health Status
Humans
Inpatients
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Therapy / methods*
Organ Transplantation / rehabilitation*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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