Document Detail

Effectiveness of exercise interventions in reducing pain symptoms among older adults with knee osteoarthritis: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19462551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects approximately one third of older adults in the United States. The pain accompanying its progression reduces quality of life and leads to activity restriction and physical disability. Evidence suggests that exercise represents a promising treatment for pain among older knee-OA patients. The article provides an overview of the extant research examining the effectiveness of exercise interventions in reducing pain symptoms among older adults with knee OA. Critical evaluation of the literature reveals that aerobic training, strength training, and combination aerobic and strength training result in improvements in pain. The magnitude of pain reduction accompanying exercise interventions varies considerably across studies, however. In addition, most trials have focused on short-term (<6 months) interventions, and the limited number of long-term (>6 months) trials have been plagued by high attrition and poor postintervention maintenance of treatment effects. Given the variability in the effectiveness of exercise interventions, future research is necessary to determine the individual differences that influence older OA patients' responsiveness to exercise interventions and identify more efficacious strategies for promoting the maintenance of long-term exercise.
Brian C Focht
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of aging and physical activity     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1063-8652     ISO Abbreviation:  J Aging Phys Act     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-25     Completed Date:  2009-06-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415639     Medline TA:  J Aging Phys Act     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43021, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Therapy*
Osteoarthritis, Knee / rehabilitation*
Pain / prevention & control*
Resistance Training

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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