Document Detail


Effectiveness of a Tailored Goal Oriented Community Brief Intervention (TGCBI) in Reducing Alcohol Consumption Among Risky Drinkers in Thailand: A Quasi-Experimental Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23384379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT. Objective: An intervention to reduce the average alcohol intake and the number of drinking days in risky drinkers was conducted in a quasi-experimental study in two communities (intervention and control communities) in Lop Buri Province, Thailand. Method: The participants were risky drinkers (with scores ranging from 8 through 19 on the World Health Organization's Alcohol Use and Disorders Identification Test) ages 19-65 years. In the intervention community, individual participants set their own drinking-reduction goals, and each participant received a Tailored Goal Oriented Community Brief Intervention (TGCBI) administered in four sessions over 2 months. The number of drinking days and the average alcohol intake during the past 30 days were measured before the intervention and at 1, 3, and 6 months after it. Complete data were available from 47 intervention and 50 control participants. Intervention effects at each post-intervention time were assessed with linear mixed models. Results: Baseline sociodemographic characteristics showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups (p > .05). At baseline, M (SD) days of drinking and average daily alcohol intake were 12.9 days (10.5) and 20.4 g (19.2), respectively. The intervention was associated with a substantial reduction in both measures at each post-intervention time, and magnitudes of reduction increased with increasing time. Modeled intervention-related reductions in drinking days at successive post-intervention times were 5.1 (p = .031), 7.4 (p = .001), and 9.0 days (p < .001). Corresponding reductions in daily alcohol intake were 16.5, 17.4, and 25.0 g (p < .001 at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months, respectively, after the intervention). Adjustment for potential confounders and inclusion in the analysis of participants with missing data made little difference in modeled intervention effects. Conclusions: TGCBI was associated with a substantial and significant reduction in drinking days and average alcohol intake through 6 months after the intervention. TGCBI could well prove beneficial for risky drinkers both inside and outside Thailand. (J. Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 74, 311-319, 2013).
Authors:
Chitlada Areesantichai; Robert S Chapman; Usaneya Perngparn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  311-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Drug Dependence Research Center, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Drug Dependence (WHOCC), College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
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