Document Detail

Effectiveness of Spayvac for reducing white-tailed deer fertility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17984269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Overabundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations have been reported in many urban and suburban communities across the United States. Large populations of deer can potentially increase the risk of human-wildlife conflicts, such as deer-vehicle collisions, transmission of disease to humans, and vegetation damage. In 2003, efforts to control white-tailed deer numbers were initiated at the National Aeronautical and Space Agency's (NASA) Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas, using the long-lasting, single-dose contraceptive SpayVac. Our objectives were to evaluate the effectiveness of SpayVac for reducing white-tailed deer fertility and determine the partial cost for treatment. Between 2003 and 2004, we monitored 45 adult female deer (34 treated with SpayVac, 11 controls treated with a placebo). Fawning rate over 2 yr for deer treated with SpayVac >30 days prior to the rut was 0% (n=31), whereas the fawning rate for control deer was 78% (n=11). Inoculation 1 mo prior to the breeding season was sufficient time to achieve fertility control. We conclude that SpayVac can effectively reduce the fertility of urban white-tailed deer.
Shawn L Locke; Matthew W Cook; Louis A Harveson; Donald S Davis; Roel R Lopez; Nova J Silvy; Mark A Fraker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wildlife diseases     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0090-3558     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Wildl. Dis.     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-06     Completed Date:  2008-01-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0244160     Medline TA:  J Wildl Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  726-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Wild / physiology
Contraception, Immunologic / adverse effects,  methods,  veterinary*
Deer* / physiology
Fertility / drug effects*
Immunization, Secondary / veterinary
Population Control / methods*
Treatment Outcome
Vaccines, Contraceptive / administration & dosage*,  immunology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vaccines, Contraceptive

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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