Document Detail

Effectiveness of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Silent Myocardial Ischemia (Post Hoc Analysis of the COURAGE Trial).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22445578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Previous studies have suggested that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) decreases long-term mortality in patients with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI), but whether PCI specifically decreases mortality when added to intensive medical therapy is unknown. We performed a post hoc analysis of clinical outcomes in patients in the COURAGE trial based on the presence or absence of anginal symptoms at baseline. Asymptomatic patients were classified as having SMI by electrocardiographic ischemia at rest or reversible stress perfusion imaging (exercise-induced or pharmacologic). Study end points included the composite primary end point (death or myocardial infarction [MI]); individual end points of death, MI, and hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome; and need for revascularization. Of 2,280 patients 12% (n = 283) had SMI and 88% were symptomatic (n = 1,997). There were no between-group differences in age, gender, cardiac risk factors, previous MI or revascularization, extent of angiographic disease, or ischemia by electrocardiogram or imaging. Compared to symptomatic patients, those with SMI had fewer subsequent revascularizations (16% vs 27%, p <0.001) regardless of treatment assignment and fewer hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome (7% vs 12%, p <0.04). No significant differences in outcomes were observed between the 2 treatment groups, although there was a trend toward fewer deaths in the PCI group (n = 7, 5%) compared to the optimal medical therapy (OMT) group (n = 16, 11%, p = 0.12). In conclusion, addition of PCI to OMT did not decrease nonfatal cardiac events in patients with SMI but showed a trend toward fewer deaths. Although underpowered, given similar outcomes in other small studies, these findings suggest the need for an adequately powered trial of revascularization versus OMT in SMI patients.
Gilbert Gosselin; Koon K Teo; Jean-Francois Tanguay; Rohit Gokhale; Pamela M Hartigan; David J Maron; Vipul Gupta; G B John Mancini; Eric R Bates; Bernard R Chaitman; John A Spertus; William J Kostuk; Marcin Dada; Steven P Sedlis; Daniel S Berman; Leslee J Shaw; Robert A O'Rourke; William S Weintraub; William E Boden;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  954-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Inc.
Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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